Environment 2000: blog 1

Summary 1:  Collapse: How societies choose to fail and succeed


In this passage, the author is talking of the decline in our society and the environment in an area for an extended period of time. The author explains with examples that there are obvious differences between the past and modern society: because of the decade of researches done by archaeologists, climatologists, historians, paleontologists, and palynologists (pollen scientists) that have confirmed that through deforestation and habitat destruction, soil problems (erosion, salinization, and soil fertility losses), water management problems, overhunting, overfishing, effects of introduced species on native species, human population growth, and increased per-capita impact of people, the past societies have created ecological problems that we are facing due to the individuals destroying the environment. Diamond continues by saying that the environmental problem that was caused by the eight categories above led to the shortage of food that caused starvation, wars, and overthrowing of governing elites by the masses. Due to this prolonged problem, there was a decrease in the population size due to starvation, the war, or disease, and society lost some of the political, economic, and the cultural complexity that it had developed. He continues to say that in this modern state, we are faced with the same eight problems that was brought upon us by the past society but four more problems have been added to it which include: human-caused climate change, the buildup of toxic chemicals in the environment, energy shortages, and full human utilization of the Earth’s photosynthetic capacity.

Critical thinking: Are societies that damage their environment doomed to collapse? Is ours?

Yes, societies that damage their environment are doomed to collapsed because as our environment is evolving, whatever harm that we do it now (the environment) will always come back to bite us in the a**. we cannot expect to “indirectly” damage our environment and also expect for the environment to be as it is decades from now, (we cannot eat our cake and have it). as we continue to transmit excess carbon through vehicles into the atmosphere, we should expect air pollution and also that the acidity of the rain will increase, same goes to as we transmit excess  phosphorus from our detergent and hair shampoos into the water, we are increasing the water pollution and killing the aquatic life.

Yes, our society today is in danger of being doomed because we are partaking in destroying the environment and increasing the pollution of our environment by engaging in deforestation, increased fertilizer use and so on.

Summary 2:        The Tragedy of the Commons                                 


Why the things/ resources that we all share starts to degrade, like the pasture and the air, because so many people are using it more and more and it gets degraded cause it is getting renewed easily. There is no reason for them to try and renew it cause others are exploiting it.

The term “the tragedy of the commons” is just a term used by the author to refer to the degradation of resources that are sheared by the population where there is no technology and there is an increased human population and the standard of living. He explains that the degradation is caused by the individuals because they choose to act in their own self-interest and they fail to consider their long term interests. In my opinion, it is tragedy that we are likely to face when the population gets out of control. He uses an example of cattles and herdsman in an open field to illustrate that there is a positive and negative side to the increase in population. Because although the increase in cattles leads to additional sale, it can also lead to overgrazing which can result in erosion and weed-dominance.

There is also tragedy of the commons because there will be an increase in pollution; there is an increase in the amount of waste product (sewage) that is produced into the environment. There is also an overload of biological and chemical recycling as the population increases.

When parents who have too many offsprings are incapable of giving the same necessary and adequate treatment to each child, especially when there are inadequate resources available to the family.

The author of this text suggests that appealing to the populations conscience to reduce reproduction is not as effective as we may think because some people will respond better than others would. Those that choose to ignore the appeal to reduce reproduction are most likely to cause the increase in population and this increase in childbirth is inherited by their generation.

Critical thinking: Why should people not have as many children as possible?

Although this was not mentioned in the passage, some reason why humans should not be allowed to have as many children as possible is that:

  1. There will be a massive demand on non-renewable resources: non-renewable resources are those resources that we are most likely to run out of due to a large demand of it, like crude oil, natural gas, coal, copper and other metals.
  2. We can most likely run out of renewable resources (they are resources that can be renewed but they can also become non-renewable based on the demands) because there will be a large demand for it, as because it is demanded for our everyday life, these resources will be exhausted fast and given less time to replenish itself.
  3. There will be an increase in our ecological footprint (our demand and waste product), which in turn will lead to an ecological deficit. That is, our demand will be greater than our supply of resources (bio-capacity)

Summary 3:   A Sand County Almanac excerpt


In this passage, Aldo uses the story of the death of a wolf that he and his colleagues experienced to describe the ecology of the mountain and what it is like to “think like a mountain”. He continues by explaining how the animals of the food web strive to survive and feed, how the deer is in constant fear of the wolves how the mountain is also in fear of the deer and if either of these animals slip a bit in their means of survival, they risk their fight of survival. He explains that there will be an increase in the population of deers if the wolves were extinct. In the second part, Aldo’s main argument in this passage is our land ethics and how human being are treating the land like it is our personal property and it is only profitable to us for economical gains. Aldo also continues to talk about how we treat the environment and how we tend to disrespect the land, the animals and the plants. He explains that man has no ethics and that we have leaned away from teaching land ethics and conservations. We can only treat the community right or increase our ethics when we preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. We have to increase our ethics also by giving respect to the land, our environment, the plants and also the animals.

critical thinking

  • What is the basic lesson of Aldo Leopold’s “Thinking Like a Mountain”?

Answer: the basic idea behind “thinking like a mountain” is that all living organism no matter how small or how big it is plays an important role in the ecosystem and we as humans should not tamper with the role of other organisms because there is always an impact on us. That means when we hunt or kill a particular specie of animals, there is a reduction in biodiversity and we tend to also reduce our variety after some time. Take for example his example of the wolves, if all wolves are killed, there will be an increase in the population of deers, and every benefit that we got from the existence of wolves is reduced and only the benefits that we will get form the existence of deers remains.

Overall integration of the three summaries:

I have found these articles interesting to read and they are all connected in the sense that they all basically point out that humans are gradually killing the environment and its resources. Diamond talked about how we are killing the environment, or rather how the environment is at risk of collapsing because we are overfishing, engaging in deforestation, the soil problems that we face and so on. And as these problems exist and continue to exist, our environment could collapse at some point later in the future. While the second summary points out how our shared resources are degrading because as our population increases, we tend to use it so much that we are not practising sustainable development and there will less resources available for us to use in the future.  Finally, Aldo mentions that we do not have ethics and we need to give more respect to the animal, plants and other organisms and resources that is in the environment because it should not only be used for economical gains.

I believe that our environment is actually at risk because humans are misusing the resources that has been made available to us by the environment and we are only using them for our own benefit and hardly for the benefit of the environment, because majority of the tasks that we perform daily puts our environment at risk of destruction. According to an article by Susan Patterson, she says that “Earth has enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed.” that is we find ourselves in an ecological overshoot because our basic demand is more than our supply, it is in the nature of man to spend too much, buy more than what they need or can afford “affluence” and because of this affluence of man, our ecological footprint is expanding daily. This expansion of our ecological can lead to ecological deficit. In the article by Susan Patterson, she mentions most of the problems that we face today like water, air, soil pollution, ozone depletion and global warming, we can see that most of these problem is caused by man and its need to satisfy their necessity even though it means jeopardizing the environment and future resources.

In my opinion, so much can be done to improve the state of our environment, if man caused the environmental issues, then man should be able to fix the environmental issues. one way that we can reduce the issues with our environment is by reducing the amount of chemicals that we use, we should switch form synthetic chemicals to the use of more naturals means. For instance, the use of fertilizers, it affects the quality of the soil, the sediments of the soil enter the water and this causes water pollution that kills aquatic life, these aquatic lives die and they consume the oxygen that is in the water, an through the process of respiration, carbon is taken into the atmosphere. We can also reduce the way we spend, we should learn to only n=buy water we need, reduce our waste and learn to recycle and reuse items. In order words we can fix some of the problems that we have caused.

In-class blog question

  • What promotes human connection to nature?

Answer: the beauty of nature can be connected to humans when humans experience and appreciate the beauty of nature by going to the parks, the lakes and other natural resorts that are available in our environment. In other words, we can connect to nature by experiencing it and taking walks. We also connect by taking pictures of the environment, engaging in camping, hiking and so on

  • What promotes disconnection from nature?

Answer: nowadays we are getting disconnected from nature because we are too busy to experience nature, we spend more time away from the park and we stay in doors spending more time on the internet and social media, we spend more time working or being busy in school and at the end of the day, we are too tired to enjoy the beauty of nature

  • Is there a danger to a growing disconnecting from nature?

Answer: Yes there is, because when we get disconnected from nature, we stop to value its beauty and we start to take advantage of the resources that nature provides to us. For instance, if we connect to nature, we appreciate the trees and other natural resources, but when we get disconnected, we start to engage in deforestation, cutting the trees and misusing the natural resources that are available to meet our other needs.

  • Where do your environmental ethics lie? Anthropocentric? Biocentric? Ecocentric?

Answer: My environmental ethics lies with the Anthropocentrism (the idea that humans are the most important in the universe compared to the ecosystem and the biosphere). I support for Anthropocentrism because humans are the ones that have the intellectual ability to build or destroy the environment. The biosphere and the ecosystem might have the ability to take care of themselves but they are basically useless without the help of humans to make use of their resources.


  • Spend 1 hour in silence with nature. Walk in the park, along the river through the woods. Focus on observing the natural world around you then reflect on the experience.

Answer: I hardly have time to take walks or observe the nature around me because I am always busy most of the time, but yesterday, I talked a walk and sat at the park for more than one hour and it was an amazing feeling. I say it was amazing because there is so much that I have been missing because I am always distracted by technology or some personal problem. It was amazing how quiet it was and at ease and so peaceful I felt and also the peace from the environment around me. It was amazing how beautiful the evening was and how much I miss by staying in my house basement every single day after my daily activities. I have decided to do this more often, not because I have nothing to do but because I have come to realize just how beauty the environment around me is and how open my mind was to the world around me. My tension was eased and I felt so relaxed and peaceful for the first time in a long while.


Leopold, Aldo. “A Sand County Almanac”. Sources: Selections in Environmental Studies. USA: McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. 23-25. VitalSource Bookshelf Online. Web. 2 Nov. 2016.

Diamond, Jared. 2005. “From Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.” Sources Environmental Studies. 4th ed. Thomas A. Easton. McGraw-Hill, 2012. 184-189. Print.

Hardin, Garrett. 1968. “The Tragedy of the Commons.” Sources Environmental Studies. 4th ed. Thomas A. Easton. McGraw-Hill, 2012. 24-28. Print.


Environment 2000 (blog 3)

                            Living Downstream


The passage focuses on the author Sandra Steingraber’s using her experience with cancer to see the relationship between cancer and the environment. She had bladder cancer and she was from a cancer family even as she was adopted, she had a lot of family who had died or was undergoing treatment of cancer. She explains that our health is affected by our environment and other factors.

in 1983, she took attain to her hometown for the holidays and while on the train she read a newspaper that explained scientists research on the gene that is responsible for bladder cancer. The scientists were able to figure out the segment of DNA that was responsible for the cancer after testing it on lab mouse. In simple words, her research showed that some agents that can cause bladder cancer are contained in cigarettes, dyes for cloth, leather, paper and are in certain pharmaceuticals and pesticides. She continues by saying that there are bladder cancer causing agents contained in rivers, ground- water, dump sites, and indoor air.

She states that sadly with all the researches that has been made on bladder cancer, nothing has been done to stop or prevent it. And one of the reasons that she believes is denying the prevention of this disease is because we have ignore the environmental causes of the disease and we are more focused on the genes and heredity. She explains that as cancer carcinogens are available in our environment, some people are more vulnerable than others to get the disease than others and in other to face the problem of the disease we should not ignore the environment agents that cause cancer, even if it means we have to start off slowly with a less intensive approach by getting rid of the weeds in fields, the cockroaches in the school cafeteria, dogs of fleas, woolens of stains, or drinking from the pathogen that are in the water.

critical thinking

Should there be more effort to study the links between cancer and environmental factors?

Answer: we should make more efforts in studying the links between cancer and the environment because it helps in the creation of awareness and to help us prevent every likeliness of getting cancer whether or not it does it exist in the environment. because this passage has opened my eyes that cancer is not only caused by heredity and our genes, I will love to know more and read researches that teach us the does and don’ts to prevent the occurrence of cancer. For many people who have not read this article, further studies on the environmental factors that cause cancer will be important for the public to open our eyes.


                            Our Stolen Future


This passage is about the threat that our future generation, their survival, intelligence and fertility faces due to the constant exposure to environment. The author states that “our fate is linked with the animals” because we share the same environment and we share the same evolutionary inheritance. We can see that our evolutionary inheritance is same because the diseases and damages that lab animals face is increasing in our human population. we share the environment with animals because the chemicals that have been put into the environment by humans affects both the humans and the animals in whatever part of the world that we may find ourselves. some skeptics argue whether or not animals and human show the same symptoms when chemicals are introduced into the environment, but we can see that the lab animals that were used to test DDT chemical as a factor of cancer and also to test DES showed symptoms that also affected humans after a while of being exposed to these harmful chemicals. scientists are uncertain of the dosage to introduce to animals because if they introduce a high dosage to lab animals, it is possible that the chemical is only effect at a low dosage.

There is a current question on whether or not humans are currently suffering from some effects of being exposed to chemicals, and some answer “yes” saying that some sensitive individual might be showing signs but it is difficult to prove or assess if hormone disrupting chemicals are now having a broad impact across the human population. some chemicals start showing signs in humans while others take a very long time to start showing effects, therefore the animal studies that we currently use is a good way of warning us of the contaminations that we are likely to encounter because the test of DES that was done of lab rats and mouse exposed signs that later showed up in human beings.

critical thinking

What is an environmental hormone mimic (or disruptor)?

Answer: these are environmental hormones that affect the endocrine system. they are external hormones that mimic the hormones in our body. this disruptor can cause fertility problems, it can lead to cancer and other disorders within our body.

Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services


The key concept in the passage is the value of biodiversity to human well-being.  Ecologists believe that the stability of the ecosystem and we can adapt to the changes in climate and other conditions is affected if biodiversity is lost or declining. There is an unknown cause for the loss of population and species that are in the human-dominated marine ecosystems. Through the decline in biodiversity, tests showed that there a decrease in the quality of water and an increase in the collapse of resources. Meanwhile the increase in the biodiversity also increased the productivity, therefore we can conclude that the biodiversity of marine affects that food productivity, the water quality and the recovery from perturbation. Therefore likewise in the ecosystem, the loss/increase in biodiversity also affects the resources, the quality of the resources and the ecosystem and so on.

Experiments that has been done on biodiversity and diet shows that biodiversity is needed in the ecosystem because it provides diverse food sources and basic nutrient for humans. when there is loss of biodiversity certain food nutrients that are needed for growth, survival and so on is lost. Studies show that there is a positive relationships between diversity and ecosystem functions and services. That is, when there is an increase in the diversity, there will an increase in the functions that take place in the ecosystems and the services that also take place in the ecosystem, and these increases improves the economy of the ecosystem.

critical thinking:

What can we do to prevent a catastrophic decline in ocean fisheries by the mid-21st century?

Answer: if we focus on the restoration of the biodiversity in the marine, and in the ocean fisheries, we can prevent the catastrophic decline. We can restore this biodiversity by developing sustainable fisheries management, control pollution in the marine and other pollutants, we can invest in the productivity and reliability of the goods and services that the ocean provides to humanity.


Integration of summaries:

The three summaries are basically talking about how the environment affects our health negatively, how humans are also contributing to it and how we can try to stop or prevent these effects without jeopardizing the future of other generations to come.

The first summary talks about the environment and its negative effects on our health and how scientists are not basically looking at the environmental causes of diseases but are more concerned with our genes and heredity. The second summary is about how the chemicals that have been introduced into our environment mimics our genes and are likely factors that cause diseases and even cancer. While the last summary is about the positive effects in our ecosystem because it increases our resources and the productivity in our environment.

In my opinion, these summaries are related because when human produce/ introduce dangerous chemicals in the environment, it affects our health and once our health is threatened, biodiversity his threatened and there will be a decrease in our resources and the productivity that takes place in our ecosystem. Because we cannot do lab tests (causes, effect and treatment) on humans to find out how toxic the environment is becoming, we make use of lab animals in order not to risk the lives of humans in the population and this is a good argument against the skeptics that think that animals are not effective enough to determine the effects of disease on humans.

In an article “Consequences of changing biodiversity” by F. Stuart Chapin and co, they say that there are negative consequences to changing biodiversity because the goods and services will decline, and we will be more vulnerable to invasions. As humans we have the power to build or destroy our environment and we seem to be doing harm than just because we want to fulfil our basic wants or put money in our pockets. In my opinion, if we want to save our ecosystem we have to save the species in the ecosystem and recognize all species as equal.


Blog Reflection

Consider your food system:

  • What do you like about it?

Answer: I like the fact that I cook often and I do not rely on fast foods because it is a waste of money to me as a student, I try my best to eat nutritiously and daily including all the adequate nutrients that I need

  • What do you dislike about it?

Answer: I dislike the fact that I tend to eat very little, and I have started losing too much in places that I do not want to lose weight, I also hate the fact that I am not disciplined to eat at the right time and also to eat the right things

  • Consider taste, nutrition, cost, equity, and environmental issues

My food taste great because I basically make my traditional meals, they are nutritious even though they are basically high in carbohydrate, it is expensive to get my traditional stuffs here in Canada because the few stores that sell African foods sell them very expensive. Sometimes I also tend to switch to Canadian meals but not so often, the only problem is that I hate eating leftovers, so I tend to waste food a lot and as I have learnt in this course, that is a very bad habit which I have to work on. it is a bad habit because wastage can cost us the excess use of land, water and energy.

  • What I am doing to promote sustainability and happiness in my life:

Answer: I usually just watch T.V or hang out with friends to make myself happy, I hardly interact with my family members because they are not in Winnipeg with me. So all I do to be happy, is eat, watch movies, have fun with friends, go out on my own or stay in doors

  • What I would like to do:

Answer: I would like to observe nature more, go to parks, and appreciate my environment more, rather than always staying in doors

  • I pledge to:

Answer: reduce the way I shop, reduce my wastes, appreciate my environment more and do everything in my power to do what is right for the ecosystem.


Activity option


Plan and carry out your own activity related to the course. It may be a one-time action, a permanent change in your behavior, or an ongoing volunteering commitment. It is your choice, but you have to start it before submitting your Blog assignment.


Answer: an activity that I have started since I started this course and I am hoping to continue is the act of picking up waste product wherever I see them and disposing of it into the nearby garbage can. I have engaged in reducing the amount of wastes that I produce because it uses up energy, land and water.  whenever I eat food, I put really little that I can finish or I force myself to finish the food because I do not want to much of my waste to be sent to the landfill. I have also engage in reusing some objects and items that I can reuse and I also recycle a lot these days which I never use to do in the past because I did not really care. Right now, I have made up my mind to care of the environment and do my best to keep it clean and reduce my waste.



Steingraber, S. 1996. “Living Downstream.” Sources Environmental Studies. 4th ed. Thomas A. Easton. McGraw-Hill, 2012. 135-139. Print.

Colborn, T et al. 1996. “Our Stolen Future.” Sources Environmental Studies. 4th ed. Thomas A. Easton. McGraw-Hill, 2012. 140-142. Print.


Environment 2000 Blog 2

Summary 1: A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030

Blog 2 Wind Turbines

Mark Jacobson and Mark Delucchi do not think that the US energy can be replaced by wind, water and solar energy in just ten years. This WWS (wind, water and solar energy) transition is the best way to go in other to largely eliminate pollution. Jacobson and Delucchi suggest that there should be a shift from green house gases and dirty fossil fuels to renewable energy and cleaner technologies and they believe that we change improve on these changes by 2030. The authors suggest the introduction of water machines, wind turbines and solar devices with no use of fossil fuels will decrease the global power demand from 12.5TW to 11.5TW. Low cost sources are concentrated in China because the implements that would be needed for the WWS infrastructure will be expensive or hard to find. The combination of the wind and solar energy will help meet our needs because the wind often blows during stormy conditions when the sun does not shine and the sun often shines on calm days with little wind. Finally the authors discus that the problem to WWS energy system is political and not technical. Therefore one way that they suggest to ease this system of raising money is by creating subsidies and taxing fossil fuel etc. and countries will have to invest in the WWS invention. The authors advise that we have to commit to renewable energy goals.

Critical thinking

  • Over the years, society has spent enormous amounts of money to build the current energy system. Why does this make it difficult to change to a new energy system?

Answer: this system will be hard to implement because humans are scared of cost. as we have seen in the reading, the whole process and the tools are going to cost a lot and take time to implement and based on this, it will be hard for people to commit to it or support WWS. Change is hard to commit to, we are all used to the old fossil fuels usage and it will hard for us to change our old habit and start committing to new even though we know it will help us.

Summary 2: Women’s Indigenous Knowledge and Biodiversity Conservation


Ecofeminists are ecological feminists that see the importance between the domination of women and the domination of nature in a patriarchal society. One of the reasons of the extinction of diversity in our biological world is because the society has categorized women as the “second class” because they are unable to cope the differences in the diversity. While the society is increasing patriarchy by valuing  men and making women inferior and unequal to men, there is a reduction in biodiversity. Vandana argues that the only way in increase survival and sustainability is by making use of our biological resources and its diversity, that means we should stop sexism and count women as equals. Vandana argues that the work that women do including in agriculture is invisible and this is not good for the biodiversity and neither is it any good because studies have shown that women in India are the major producers of food because they put in more hours, value and volume into it. Due to the introduction of technology in agriculture, has reduced the roles of women in agriculture, the importance of women has been diminished because they are now seen as the consumers. This technology in agriculture has also increased the use of genetically engineered seeds and this has risks because there might be a decrease in the nutritional value of the food, the risk of allergies to food might increase, the food might be harmful to farm animals and so on. And with the decrease with women in agriculture and an increase in technology, we tend to use more chemicals because there is the believe that without these chemicals, many people will starve.

Critical Thinking.

 What is an “ecofeminist”?

Answer: these are activist and ecological feminists that see the connection between the domination of women and the domination of nature under the patriarchal social.

Integration of summaries:

The first summary talks about how we can switch from fossil fuels to WWS (water, wind and solar energy) and other renewable resources to reduce environmental pollution. While the second summary is about how the use of technology has reduced the amount of women that are agriculture, and how our nature and biodiversity is affected by the patriarchy society and sexism.

In my opinion, these article talk about the way fossil fuels and technologies negatively impact the environment negatively by causing pollution, reducing the women labour in agriculture and genetically modifying food products that can lead to loss of nutrients and other effects.  I feel like although fossil fuels is one of the main causes of pollution in our environment, it is hard to do without it and one of the ways that we can reduce the pollution is by reducing the use of fossil fuels.

In the article about the disadvantages of fossil fuels, they mention that fossil fuels are non-renewable resources that is divided family into oil, natural gas and coal. The article also continues by mentioning the negative effect of fossil fuels in our environment which are it can lead to global warming when we constantly burn fossil fuels, it can be toxic to human health, it is a non-renewable resource and we can run out of it because we tend to over depend on it. A way that I believe can help us to prevent global warming due to the excess use of fossil fuels is to switch from fossil fuels to WWS (wind, water and solar energy) like Mark Jacobson suggested, we can also repair leaky natural pipelines and facilities, we can store carbon in our environment by planting more trees, reduce the transmission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, make use of more sustainable agriculture, improve energy efficiency and transfer energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies to developing countries.

Blog Reflection

  • Can parks meet its dual mandate of access and protection?

Answer: in my opinion, it will be unable for parks to meet the dual mandate of access and protection because it is impossible to give protection to everyone that gets into the park, the humans are also in danger of the wild animals that may be available in the park or the zoo.

  • How can this be achieved in Wapusk?

Due to the location of the park, only a few people like students on trip or researcher are usually on elf the few to access this park, and because it is not very easy to be accessed it is easier to protect the park. therefore Wapusk is able to meet the mandate of access and protection.


  • What role, if any, should zoos play in conservation / education?

Answer: the zoos be create recreational and educational purposes, that means the zoo should contains animals and a clear background, history of the animal. The zoo should help in the preservation of animal history and the animals that have gone extinct and do not exist anymore

  • Is it ethical to keep animals in zoos?

Answer: it is ethical to keep animals in the zoo because that is what the zoo was created for.

  • If so, what size / type of animal or zoo?

Answer: the animals that should be present in the zoo are the animals that can be trained and tamed even though they are dangerous or not.

  • Do you enjoy visiting zoos?

Answer: yes, I do enjoy visiting the zoo even though I have only been to the zoo a few times, I enjoyed my visits there

  • Should Tar Sands production continue?

Answer: In my opinion I believe it should continue because it is a necessity for us even though it is a green house gas that its continuous production can lead to pollution. I will conclude that its production continues, but steps and methods should be taken to minimize the long term negative effects that it will have on our environment.

  • If so – How?

Answer: the production should continue in a way that will cost us the lose of our fossil fuels at some point due to excessive use or lead to global warming due to the release of excess pollution. The production should continue in a way that is not harmful for anyone and if there be any alternatives, then we should make use of the alternatives.

  • Should production be regulated?

Answer: yes, it should be regulated into a better and more environment friendly means, because there are more cleaner ways and certain alternatives for us as Mark Jacobson has suggested.

Activity Options


See if you can go one full day without using fossil fuels. Consider all of the fossil fuels used for transportation, heating and disposable plastic containers.

Answer: I tried going a whole day without fossil fuels and I found that it was really hard, I live far from school and I had to take the bus to school, but I tried to not turn on the heater in my room even though it started becoming cold at night, but later I gave up and turned it on before I could have frozen to death. I feel like no matter how hard we try to avoid using fossil fuels, we cannot completely abstain from it because it is currently one of our main means of survival because we need it, we need it for heat and for transportation and theres is currently no substitute for it.



Shiva, Vandana. “Women’s Indigenous Knowledge and Biodiversity Conservation”. Sources: Selections in Environmental Studies. USA: McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. 200-203. Web. 2 Nov. 2016.

Jacobson, Mark Z., and Mark A. Delucchi. “A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030”. Sources: Selections in Environmental Studies. USA: McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. 72-75. VitalSource Bookshelf Online. Web. 2 Nov. 2016.

disadvantages of fossil fuels